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10 08, 2014

New Biogas Rules in the EPA’s Renewable Fuel Standard

New Biogas Rules in the RFS
By Edward Dodge on August 01, 2014 at 12:00 PM

The EPA recently announced changes to the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2) that improves opportunities for biogas to be utilized as a vehicular fuel by qualifying it as an advanced cellulosic biofuel.

Biogas-derived Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) produced from landfills, municipal waste-water treatment facility digesters, agricultural digesters, and separated MSW digesters all now qualify under the RFS. Additionally, electricity used to power electric vehicles produced from the same sources also qualifies as advanced cellulosic biofuel.

These pathways have the potential to provide notable volumes of cellulosic biofuel eligible for the RFS program and should be a factor in recent discussions to lower RFS fuel volume mandates. Significant volumes of advanced biofuels are already being generated from biogas, and in many cases this same fuel will now qualify for cellulosic RINs. As of 2014 the volumes of starch based (corn) ethanol RINs are capped under the RFS and expanding volumes of fuels are all prescribed to be cellulosic in origin, and can now be met with biomethane.

Credit: DOE, Alternative Fuels Data Center

Under the RFS, the EPA uses RINs, Renewable Identification Numbers, to track renewable transportation fuels. Each RIN is attached to a physical gallon of renewable fuel as it is transferred to a fuel blender. After blending with fossil fuels, RIN’s are used by obligated parties as proof that they sold renewable fuels and met their mandates. Obligated parties may buy and sell RINs to one another and RIN prices are determined by market factors similar to any other commodity.

When the RFS was first established the goal was to promote corn ethanol, biodiesel and cellulosic ethanol. Biogas […]

11 03, 2014

Enernets, Intergrids and Electricity Routers – Enlarge the Problem to Solve It

Amory Lovins of Rocky Mountain Institute

RMI’s vision is a world thriving, verdant, and secure, for all, for ever.

Our mission is to drive the efficient and restorative use of resources.

See the best of Amory Lovins here:
Application in the Real World
RMI’s approach is to focus on unlocking market-based solutions that can be replicated and implemented now. We don’t do it alone. With philanthropic support, we convene and collaborate with diverse partners—business, government, academic, nonprofit, philanthropic, and military—to accelerate and scale solutions that tackle the toughest long-term problems. We create Abundance by Design® and apply the framework of natural capitalism.

Bold Goals, Measurable Impacts.
Transforming global energy use to create a clean, prosperous, and secure energy future is an ambitious, vital undertaking—and our sole focus. To succeed, we need to rapidly scale our impact—to “reinvent fire”—making the shift from fossil fuels to energy efficiency and renewables by 2050, if not sooner.That’s why we’ve established bold goals to achieve by 2025—accomplishments that put us on track to achieve the full energy system transformation.

From the U.S. to China to the rest of the world, we’ll drastically cut carbon emissions to tackle climate change, unlock enormous economic opportunity, and make our energy systems clean, prosperous, and secure. This is our promise to ourselves, to you, and to the world. We welcome you on this journey with us. Following is where we need to be by 2025 and, in part, how we’ll do it.
1. Source U.S. electricity renewably
By 2025, our programs will help shift the electricity system one-third of the way toward our vision and create the dynamics and momentum to carry us through to 2050. They will cut U.S. electricity use by 18 percent and nearly double renewables’ share of generation […]

23 07, 2013

Biogas as Transportation Fuel: A Strong Start


By Amanda Bilek | July 22, 2013

In my last Biomass Magazine column, I wrote about the enormous potential of biogas in meeting our transportation needs and as a component of a diverse fuel mix. New projects and data are demonstrating that biogas as a transportation fuel is no longer a vision, but a market reality. Under both the federal renewable fuel standard 2 (RFS2) and California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard, biogas is an emerging contributor to a diverse, low-carbon fuel mix.While  progress is encouraging, there is still a large amount of untapped potential, leaving plenty of room for expansion and opportunity for innovative project models.
Starting with the RFS2, the first several months of 2013 have been an impressive growth period for biogas transportation projects. According to U.S. EPA data, biogas has generated nearly 2.3 million gallons of advanced biofuels in the first five months. Nearly 70 percent of those gallons were produced in March, April and May. The total advanced biofuel pool was 194 million gallons, and while the 2.3 million gallons of biogas fuel represents a small portion, steady growth in March, April and May is definitely a positive sign. Furthermore, the majority of advanced biofuel gallons is attributed to imports of Brazilian sugarcane ethanol, whereas biogas gallons are supplied by domestic projects, representing an important economic development for many U.S. states. Previous analysis concludes the potential for using biogas as advanced biofuel is much larger than current use, demonstrating there is room for significant growth.
In California, under the LCFS program, biogas is already helping to achieve program goals and is projected to make an even larger contribution in the future. In 2009, California established a policy to reduce the carbon intensity of […]

28 06, 2013

Why Clean Biogas Is Delivered Through Our Natural Gas Pipelines



‘Biomethane Procurement’ – May 31, 2013
Garry (O’Neill) Mariscal – Renewable Energy Office – California Energy Commission

The natural gas pipeline is an efficient method to transport gas to large natural gas facilities or to offset residential natural gas use.

On-site and local demand for energy (transportation fuels, power, or heat) may not exist

Large natural gas facilities are more efficient than onsite facilities.

Exporting power can be infeasible due to uncertainties in the electrical interconnection process for small generators.

Economically feasible small-scale systems using biogas do not have a good track record for achieving air quality standards in severe non-attainment air districts.

28 06, 2013

Biogas Upgrading Market – 22% Growth Annually

The global biogas upgrading market is expected to reach $338.5 million by the year 2016 at the compounded annual growth rate of 22%. Europe is the largest contributor to the growth of this market and it is expected to hold the market value of $250.5 million in 2016 with CAGR of 22%.  The market for biogas generation is estimated to grow significantly due to its better efficiency as compared to other renewable energy resources.

Browse full report at:

Production of biogas is cost effective as feed required for its production is easily available.  It generally requires municipal waste, biowaste, energy crops and agricultural waste.  Biogas is generated from microbial fermentation: anaerobic digestion. An anaerobic digester is at the heart of the equipment and its combination with a turbine or gas engine constitutes the whole power plant. Desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, demand for renewable energy and transportation fuel, volatile fertilizer prices and strict regulations from government for landfill diversion are some of the important factors driving the growth of biogas plant construction and its upgradation.

Market Segmentation

Based on Technology
Water Scrubbers
Pressure Swing Adsorption Systems
Physical Absorption
Chemical Absorption Units
Membrane Systems Units
Based on Cryogenic Technology.

This research report analyzes this market based on its market segments and major geographies. Geographies analyzed under this research study are North America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Rest of the World.

This report also provides analysis of technological improvements in this industry, Porter’s five force model analysis, and complete company profiles of top market players. It provides review of micro and macro factors significant for existing market players and new entrants

Major Players

Some of the key players dominating this market are Acrona Systems, Air Liquide, Carbotech, Cirmac, DGE GmbH, DMT Environmental […]

19 06, 2013

CalRecycle Presents Draft Waste Management Sector Plan

The CalRecycle Waste Sector Plan proposed goals are to achieve the AB341 75% recycling goal and associated 20 to 30 MMT of CO2e reduction by 2020.  California disposes an estimated 37 million tons of waste in landfills each year, of which roughly 30 percent – more than 10 million tons per year – are suitable for anaerobic digestion and composting to recover methane and regenerate soil health.
Organics processing capacity is needed, according to the plan.  Anaerobic digestion and composting  of organic waste will result in landfill greenhouse gas reductions, renewable energy production, renewable fuel production, and new job creation.  For more information, go to:

7 06, 2013

RealEnergy receives Energy Partner Award from EPA Administrator Whitman

RealEnergy receives Energy Partner Award from EPA Administrator Whitman